How Can Counseling Help Children With Learning Difficulties

Is your child having difficulty retaining lessons from school? Do they struggle with math, reading, or writing? If they do, they might have learning difficulties.

These conditions make school and daily life extra hard for you and your child. They may feel anxious and frustrated when they see that they are lagging compared to their peers. Thankfully, counseling can help them cope with their distress.

Today, we’ll learn more about different learning difficulties. We’ll tackle how they affect a child’s mental health and how counseling can help with these.


What Are Learning Difficulties?

Learning difficulties, also called learning disabilities, are caused by genetic or neurobiological factors that affect the brain’s ability to process information. Children who have learning difficulties tend to process information at a slower pace compared to others.

Learning difficulties must not be confused with intellectual disabilities; learning disabilities neither affect cognitive functioning nor are caused by developmental factors.

Common learning difficulties affect children’s reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills. These also hamper their understanding of mathematics and abstract thinking. It can also affect their attention span and retention of information.

Children with learning difficulties tend to be less organized than others because of how they process information.


Common Types Of Learning Difficulties

These can be verbal, impeding a child’s ability to read, write, or process spoken or written information. There are also learning difficulties that affect a child’s non-verbal skills, impairing their understanding of non-verbal cues.

Here are some of the most common learning difficulties:

  • Dyslexia – A child with dyslexia might have difficulties in reading, writing, and spelling. One prominent symptom of dyslexia is confusing the orders of letters in words. They may find it also difficult to write words in the correct sequence.
  • Dysgraphia – This is a neurological disorder that affects a child’s writing ability and fine motor skills. Due to this condition, a child may find it difficult to arrange their thoughts and put them into writing.
  • Dyscalculia – This learning difficulty makes it difficult for a child to understand numbers, leading to problems with mathematics. A child with dyscalculia may have a poor sense of estimation and perform computations slowly.
  • Dyspraxia – Also called Developmental Co-ordination Disorder (DCD), is a condition that affects a child’s motor skills and physical coordination. Children with DCD perform poorly in activities that require motor skills. 
  • Non-Verbal Learning Difficulties – This condition makes it hard for a child to understand non-verbal cues like facial expressions and body language. It also affects their speech and language acquisition. Children with this difficulty tend to interpret words too literally.
  • Auditory/Visual Processing Disorders – These affect a child’s ability to differentiate between sounds and interpret visual information from maps, charts, and symbols.

Other disorders may co-occur with these learning difficulties. Although not considered learning disorders, these greatly impact a child’s learning progress:

  • ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a condition that commonly overlaps with other learning difficulties. Due to ADHD, a child may have problems with controlling their impulses and paying attention.
  • Autism – Autism and other disorders within its spectrum are developmental disorders that can make learning difficult. They may have trouble with communication, reading non-verbal cues, and developing social skills.

How Can Learning Difficulties Affect Children’s Mental Health?

Children that have learning difficulties can experience bouts of anger, frustration, stress, and anxiety. Not being able to process information easily can truly be frustrating. Lagging behind their peers in terms of academics can also make them feel anxious. In some cases, a child may feel like a failure and develop depression.

You must be wary of the sudden changes in your child’s behavior, for these can be symptoms of emotional distress. Some of the signs that your child is having emotional distress may include:

  • Lowered self-esteem
  • Anxiety, especially in academic situations
  • Irritability
  • Reduced motivation
  • Tantrums
  • Poor social skills
  • Sadness

If you do not address your child’s feelings, these might develop into severe mental health problems.

How Can Counseling Help?

Dealing with your child’s learning difficulties is a life-long journey. Since it cannot be cured, your child will need constant support and intervention. Counseling can help your child cope healthily with their learning difficulties.

Having a professional guide will greatly help release any suppressed emotions brought about by their learning difficulties. Counseling provides a safe space for your child to unload all of their emotional distress.

Play therapy can also benefit your child, especially if they are unable to articulate their own feelings. While your child is playing, a therapist will observe their behavior and better understand their problems. This will allow the therapist to help your child deal with their condition. Through play, the therapist can teach your child healthy coping mechanisms.

You should also consider family counseling since learning difficulties affect everyone in the family. Sometimes, siblings and even parents do not fully empathize with their child who has learning difficulties. This creates tension within the family.

Counseling can adjust your family’s mentality towards learning difficulties. Having a healthier mindset is crucial in providing support for your child. With the help of counseling, your family can face the challenges of learning difficulties head-on together. 

Engaging with support groups or counseling groups can also widen your perspective on how to handle learning difficulties. This is an opportunity to learn from other people who are going through the same struggles.

Despite having learning difficulties, you must remember that your child still has a bright future ahead of them. They only need to be taught in a way that’s tailored to their needs. With your constant support and the intervention of professionals, your child can live a happy, meaningful life.


How Does Child Counseling Help With Your Child’s Learning And Development


Your child can develop developmental and emotional problems for various reasons. When developed during childhood, these may cause long-term damage to their health and well-being. Addressing these issues as soon as they appear is crucial for their learning and development. 

One way of addressing such issues is through Child Counseling. A Child Counselor can give you an idea of what your child’s issues are. They can also teach your child age-appropriate and unique ways to learn, work, and feel normal.

What is Child Counseling, and how can it assist with your child’s learning and development? Read on to learn more about it.

What Is Child Counseling?

Child Counseling, also known as Child Therapy, is a form of therapy that aims to provide children with the support they might need in whatever aspect. Child counselors let the children know that they are not alone and give them a safe space to share their feelings and thoughts. This method of counseling also helps children in overcoming their fears and worries.

Adult and child counseling are very similar. What’s different is that child counseling sessions require the counselor to be patient and simplify the child’s procedure as much as possible. This is to ensure that the child will understand and learn from their sessions. Child Counselors are also expected to use age-appropriate techniques and language to help them achieve their goals and plans.

There are various ways to deliver child therapy. It can be practiced with individual kids or groups of children. It may also ask one parent or a group of parents to help. Sometimes family members are also invited to participate and assist in the sessions.

Topics Discussed in Child Therapy


Child Counseling provides children with an opportunity to address issues and concerns that they might be experiencing. Example of these problems include but are not limited to:

  • Bullying in school
  • Trauma
  • Phobia or fears
  • Physical and emotional abuse
  • Addiction and substance abuse
  • Family or child relocation
  • Mental health concerns such as depression and anxiety
  • Divorce or separation in the family
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Who Offers Counseling For Children

Child counselors, or child psychologists, are mental health professionals who consult with children to provide guidance or insights into their social, emotional, and psychological needs.  They help children achieve development and improve their mental health through various techniques and activities.

These professionals are trained to understand the mindset of children. They give children emotional support while also identifying, reframing, and treating the issues and psychological distress the children suffer from.

Goals Of Every Child Counseling Session

Every session in child counseling circles around achieving specific goals. These situation-specific goals are summarized into five, namely:

  • Establishing the child’s self-esteem
  • Helping children better their communication abilities
  • Stimulating a healthy and normal development among children
  • Building an emotional repertoire fit for the child
  • Improving the expressive vocabulary of children

Techniques Used In Child Therapy


Your trusted child counselor might decide on what technique or strategy they will employ during sessions. But choosing an approach mostly depends on the present needs or primary goals of your child.

Cognitive Therapy is often a strategy when dealing with emotional children. It aims to reduce anxiety in children by teaching them how to redirect their emotions and excess energy into play and other tasks. In child psychology, Cognitive Therapy helps children become more mindful of their own negative emotions and mindsets and create ways to reframe them in a more positive light.

Meanwhile, Applied Behavior Analysis aims to help children develop more effective ways of dealing with various situations they may experience. In this approach, counselors help children discover how rewards and/or punishments affect their behavior.

Play Therapy, which utilizes toys and dolls, is also an interesting option for managing emotional issues among younger kids. Other useful benefits offered by this therapy style include:

  • Taking responsibility in attending to own behavior
  • Establishing self-respect
  • Showing respect to others around them
  • Developing empathy
  • Improving social skills and self-expression
  • Strengthening relationships of members within a family
  • Alleviating mental health problems such as anxiety

Other techniques your child counselor may use during therapy sessions may include play-based or game-based activities. Some examples include:

  • The Feeling Word Game
  • The Mad Game
  • The Slow-Motion Game
  • Bubble Breaths
  • Second Story Technique
  • Positive Postings

Moreover, the child counselor might use a supplemented worksheet or answer-sheet system. These worksheets particularly aim to help children recognize their emotions, practice gratitude, and set situation-specific goals.

Your child counselor may also recommend that you include various children’s books in the therapy. This works to help children be more expressive about their emotions, especially kids new to counseling.

Benefits Of Enrolling In Child Counseling

Ultimately, child counseling allows children to interpret the emotions, thoughts better, and fears disturbing them. Children who are experiencing various mental health conditions may benefit most from this form of therapy. Child counselors provide safe spaces where children can share concerns or discuss them with their parents or family.

While parents may assist in their children’s emotional and cognitive development, Counselors for children may significantly help in the process. These professionals can help kids eliminate the fears, issues, and trauma they have developed through evidence-based talks and activities.


Child’s therapy is an effective means your child can fight and shrug off emotional and psychological concerns. However, the efficacy of this procedure is heavily dependent on whether your child receives treatment as soon as you notice negative shifts in his or her routine, emotion, or general mood.

Choosing the better therapist for your child’s counseling sessions is also important. Ensure that you will only hire a professional who is trained and proven to be good with children. Also, be selective and prefer a provider who can give your child the best treatment while respecting your time and choices. Choosing only the best will surely save more time and money from therapy in the long run. You may ask your trusted primary care provider for referrals in Child Counseling.